A Tele-Health Communication System for Underserved Children in Rural Areas of Nicaragua (English)

Sury Bravo, Miguel A. Valero, Iván Pau, Jimena Duarte, Monserrat Carrillo, José R. Blandino

Abstract


Millennium Development Goals point out the necessity of actively promoting maternal-child health care status, especially in underserved areas. This article details the development actions carried out between 2008 and 2011 in some rural communities of Nicaragua with the aim to provide a low-cost tele-health communication service. The service is managed by the health care center of Cusmapa, which leads the program and maintains a communication link between its health staff and the health brigades of 26 distant communities. Local agents can use the system to report urgent maternal-child health care episodes to be assessed through WiMAX-WiFi voice and data communications attended by two physicians and six nurses located at the health care center. The health and nutritional status of the maternal-child population can be monitored to prevent diseases, subnutrition, and deaths. The action approach assumes the fundamentals of appropriate technology and looks for community-based, sustainable, replicable, and scalable solutions to ensure future deployments according to the strategies of the United Nations.

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