Mobile Identity Construction by Male and Female Students in Pakistan: On, In, and Through the Phone

Bushra Hassan, Tim Unwin


This article reports on focus group research in Pakistan about the symbolic value and use of mobile phones by students in constructing their identities on the phone, in the phone, and through the phone. A striking conclusion is the difference between how men and women use their phones, and we provide accounts of the harassment and bullying of women through their mobiles.


Pakistan; mobiles; identity; students; symbolism

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